Benefits of Psychoanalysis
What are the benefits of psychoanalysis? Psychoanalysis benefits the individual in a number of ways that not all types of psychotherapy do.
First, some context. In a complex society such as ours, people are challenged to adapt to a constant flow of change. Each of us is subject to cultural, ethnic, religious, economic, and political expectations while also trying to preserve our individual sense of self. While we navigate our way through daily living, we do our best to preserve the values, ideals, and dreams that make us unique.
Diversity and difference are essential on a large scale for a species to survive, while at the individual level consistency and integrity are essential for security. Many of the issues that bring persons to seek psychotherapy relate to threats against security. Loss of loved ones, conflicts with co-workers, struggles in school, or financial worries all share a basic threat to the preservation of one’s individuality. Yet, people are expected to adapt and change to the relentless pressure to conform.
Unfortunately, many modern approaches to psychotherapy advocate on behalf of the prevailing society’s definition of health. That is, the goals of some therapies involve helping the individual learn to accommodate his or her actions and ideas to those deemed “normal.” A person “should” be extraverted, socially motivated, objective, and open to change. Admirable as these qualities might be, they are not for everybody. Likewise, psychotherapy that functions as a tool for social conformity may tend to diminish the value of the individual in favor of a socio-political agenda.
In contrast, historically psychoanalytic therapy has advocated for the enhancement of human diversity through the nurturing of a person’s self-development. (Not surprisingly, psychoanalysis was banned in repressive totalitarian societies like the USSR). This is at the heart of the benefits of psychoanalysis.
Seven Benefits of Psychoanalysis
Psychoanalysis advocates on behalf of the individual’s personal truths, as follows:
- Psychoanalytic therapy promotes a consumer-driven agenda as it is tailored to the needs of the individual and his or her life history. Childhood history is important as the reference of the normality each individual has known. Everyone is born into a “normal” home in that childhood sets the context for one’s experience of the world. Good, bad, or otherwise, one’s childhood has influenced how one knows the self and others. Becoming aware of these historical influences is critical for any semblance of autonomy.
- The psychoanalytic patient is accepted for who he or she is, rather than being compared to some hypothetical “norm.”
- Likewise, the patient is not pigeon-holed into some pre-determined diagnostic category, but rather is appreciated in terms of his or her unique challenges and conflicts.
- Every patient is encouraged to talk about and explore whatever is important to him or her. No one else imposes an agenda of acceptable or appropriate areas of concern.
- Therapy is not time-limited, but rather affords the patient the dignity and respect to pace the treatment and to preserve the therapeutic relationship as long as it proves valuable.
- The role of the therapist is as an ally and partner in the therapeutic process. While it may sometimes necessitate confrontation, the over-arching principle is “in the best interest of the patient” wherever possible.
- The ultimate goal of therapy is to help mitigate human suffering and enhance the quality of the individual’s life. Whereas symptom reduction occurs, it is not the sole focus of therapy or the definition of success.
Too often, expedience and economic efficiency become the criteria for establishing a standard of care. Psychoanalytic psychotherapies support relevance, meaningfulness, and humanity as the more appropriate gold standards.
To learn more about psychoanalysis, see Psychodynamics of the Therapeutic Relationship, Personality Disorders from a Psychoanalytic Perspective, Psychodynamics of Child Abuse and Trauma, Classical Psychoanalytic Theory, Ego Psychology, or Object Relations Theory.