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Course Details
Price $29.00

Consciousness and the Id (4 CE Credits)

Earn 4 CE credits for reading an interesting article by leading researchers in neuropsychoanalysis, Solms and Panksepp (Solms, M., & Panksepp, J. [2012]. The ‘id’ knows more than the ‘ego’ admits: Neuropsychoanalytic and primal consciousness perspectives on the interface between affective and cognitive neuroscience. Brain Sciences2, 147-175. doi: 10.3390/brainsci2020147). This thought-provoking article revisits Freud’s understanding of consciousness from an evolutionarily-tiered scientific approach and findings from current brain research. It presents evidence for id as the seat of consciousness and suggests possible limitations of the “talking cure.” A Certificate of Completion follows reading the article and passing an online multiple choice test. Please contact the Director ( for help in accessing the article. Advanced level. This course may be applied to the Certificate of Advanced Study in Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy if desired. $29.


Course Objectives

As a result of this learning activity, the participant will be able to:

  • list and describe the three neuroscientific levels of consciousness,
  • apply findings from brain research to each of the three neuroscientific levels of consciousness,
  • compare and critique findings from neuroscience research to Freud’s topographic model of consciousness,
  • compare and critique findings from neuroscience research to Freud’s structural model of the mind, and
  • describe the neuroscience implications for differentially treating psychotic and nonpsychotic clients.


Course Content and Details

Product Description


Author and Instructor

The article is coauthored by Mark Solms, PhD and the late Jaak Panksepp, PhD. Dr. Solms coined the term, neuropsychoanalysis—a field dedicated to linking theories and findings in psychoanalysis with current research in the neurological sciences.  He is a Psychoanalyst and Professor of Neuropsychology at University of Cape Town.  Dr. Panksepp coined the term, affective neuroscience—a field dedicated to the study of neural mechanisms of emotion.  He was a Psychobiologist and Neuroscientist, Professor at Washington State University’s College of Veterinary Medicine, and Emeritus Professor of Psychology at Bowling Green State University.  

The article was selected by Michael J. Gerson, PhD (Instructor).  Dr. Gerson is a licensed psychologist, psychoanalyst, and marriage and family therapist. He is a professor emeritus in the Graduate School of Psychology at California Lutheran University and active clinician. He has been training other clinicians for over 30 years, both in his private practice, in community counseling centers, and in graduate programs. He has long been interested in the interface between research in neuroscience and clinically relevant psychological phenomena (e.g., Gerson, M. [2014]. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 24[2], 210-226. doi: 10.1080/10481885.2014.893783).

Please contact the Director ( if you would like help in accessing the article.


Program Information


Conflicts of Interest or Commercial Support

There is no commercial support or other potential conflicts of interest for this program, presentation, or instructor.


Commitment to Diversity and Accessibility

We are committed to respecting diversity in all of its forms, including age, gender, gender identity, sexual orientation, race, ethnicity, culture, national origin, language, socioeconomic status, religion, and disability. We also strive to make all of our activities accessible to individuals with special needs or disabilities. Please contact the Director at if you ever have any questions or concerns regarding any of our programs.


Sources and Relevance

Our programs and teaching methods are supported by current, empirically-based scientific literature, and are designed to provide continuing education that is relevant to psychological practice, education, and/or research, so that psychologists may maintain and expand their ability to serve the public and contribute to the profession.


Target Audience

Our courses are designed for postdoctoral-level psychologists; this course is an advanced-level course. All mental health professionals, educators, and researchers have a variety of educational backgrounds and needs—if you have any questions about whether this course could benefit you and/or would be appropriate for your level of training, please do not hesitate to contact us. You may contact the Director directly at with any questions or concerns.


Course Schedule

This course will be available to you 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, so you will be able pace yourself in a manner that is comfortable for you.


Cost and Refund/Cancellation Policy

The cost of the course is noted below; there are no additional fees. The journal article is open access; please email the Director ( if you have any difficulty accessing it. Your satisfaction is important to us. If you are not satisfied with a course, please let us know immediately—we will cancel your order and gladly offer you a full refund.


Course Format Summary

This course allows you to earn CE credit for reviewing this thought-provoking journal article and passing an online multiple choice test.  The article is available online through Google Scholar or MDPI (Solms, M., & Panksepp, J. [2012]. The ‘id’ knows more than the ‘ego’ admits: Neuropsychoanalytic and primal consciousness perspectives on the interface between affective and cognitive neuroscience. Brain Sciences, 2, 147-175. doi: 10.3390/brainsci2020147).  After reading the article, access the online test and Certificate of Completion for the course to earn 4 CE credits.  Advanced level—a foundation in classical psychoanalytic theory is recommended before reading the article.  This course may be applied to the Certificate of Advanced Study in Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy if desired. $29


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