Distance Courses

Consciousness and the Id (4 CE Credits)

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Earn 4 CE credits for reading an interesting article by leading researchers in neuropsychoanalysis, Solms and Panksepp (Solms, M., & Panksepp, J. [2012]. The ‘id’ knows more than the ‘ego’ admits: Neuropsychoanalytic and primal consciousness perspectives on the interface between affective and cognitive neuroscience. Brain Sciences2, 147-175. doi: 10.3390/brainsci2020147). This thought-provoking article revisits Freud’s understanding of consciousness from an evolutionarily-tiered scientific approach and findings from current brain research. It presents evidence for id as the seat of consciousness and suggests possible limitations of the “talking cure.” A Certificate of Completion follows reading the article and passing an online multiple choice test. Please contact the Director ( for help in accessing the article. Advanced level. This course may be applied to the Certificate of Advanced Study in Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy if desired. $29.

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